ADDIS ABABA, The African Union has adopted a proposal by President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya for the AU to develop a road map for the withdrawal of African nations from the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The proposal was adopted here Sunday by African Heads of State and Government at their 26th ordinary Summit, together with a report by the AU Ministerial Committee which draws a red line for the ICC over how it has been handling the case against Kenyan Deputy President William Ruto and journalist Joshua rap Sang.
The document asks the ICC, based at The Hague in the Netherlands, to to terminate the ongoing case against Ruto and and Sang as the case lacks any believable evidence.
President Kenyatta told the summit which ended here Sunday that Africa should make a powerful statement which reflected its refusal to be carried along in a system which had no regard for the sovereignty of nations and trampled on the security as well as the dignity of Africans.
He said the only option left for Africa was to completely withdraw from the Rome Statute — the treaty adopted in Rome on July 17, 1998, which established the ICC — because the utility of the ICC at this time of global turmoil was extremely limited.
President Kenyatta said leaders of the continent would be failing in their duties if they continued shoring up a dysfunctional instrument whose mainstay was to humiliate Africans and distract their governments from their mandates.
“We refuse to be carried along in a vehicle that has strayed off-course to the detriment of our sovereignty, security and dignity as Africans,” said the President.
The document, together with the proposal to give the open-ended Ministerial Committee of Ministers of Foreign Affairs to embark on drawing the road map was adopted in the afternoon.
The ministers will first proceed to have meetings with the United Nations Security Council on the AU resolution asking for the termination of the Kenya case and several other recommendations.
The outcome of the meetings between the Ministers and the UN Security Council will determine the next course of action, which includes exercising the mandate for the mass withdrawal road map.
In his speech, President Kenyatta pointed out that Kenya’s position, which is shared by other countries, was born out of the total disrespect with which the ICC has treated the concerns of Kenya and other African nations.
“When Kenya and the large group of African countries joined the International Criminal Court, it was to seek legal means to complement the other important tools that we have stood up. We sought to combat impunity while being sensitive to the reality of our young and fragile democracies. We have been sorely disappointed,” said the President.
The President said Kenyans, including himself and the Deputy President, were subjected to weak cases built on weak investigations and pursued with politicised zeal
“There can be no recent illustration of this than January’s proceedings in the case against my Deputy William Ruto and Journalist Joshua Sang,” said the President.
In the case of the Deputy President, the prosecution of the ICC, wants the court to proceed without evaluating the evidence, said the President.
“In any criminal justice system, these cases would never have come to trial. It is our expectation that the law will be applied and cases terminated,” said the President.
President Kenyatta said Kenya’s disappointment with the ICC is made more serious because of the circumstances the country is facing.
“In the face of a mutating global terrorist threat that is costing us lives and great economic loss, in the midst of playing our part in mediating multiple peace processes in our region, we have had to contend with an ICC pursuing weak and politicized cases,” said the President.
The Head of State said the only notable thing the ICC has achieved by pursuing the Kenya cases was to distract the Government from its duty to serve the Kenyan people and the continent fully.
“This is not what Kenya signed up for when we joined the ICC. I highly doubt that those of you that are its members expected this to be the way the court would conduct itself,” said the President.
President Kenyatta said the only alternative for the total withdrawal from the Rome Statute was for the ICC to be drastically reformed.
The President said the continent and the African Union had sought constructive engagement with ICC and sought its reform.
President Kenyatta said Africa should not tire from the efforts to reform the ICC even as it develops the procedures for mass withdrawal because African nations are not opposed to mechanism for justice.
“When Kenya and the large group of African countries joined the International Criminal Court, it was to seek legal means to complement the other important tools that we have stood up. ,” said the President.
“It is my sincere hope that our ICC reform agenda will succeed so that we can return to the instrument we signed up for. If it does not, I believe its utility for this continent at this moment of global turmoil will be extremely limited.”
The report by the ministers, adopted by the AU calls on the ICC, to unconditionally drop the case against Ruto and Sang.
The report expressed its deep concern with the propriety of the continued prosecution of the case against the DP and called on the ICC “to terminate the case without further delay as any continued prosecution is without foundation given the unambiguous absence of any evidence capable of belief”.