The two human rights agencies have sensationally stated that police were responsible for the torture, disappearance, and unlawful killing of alleged terrorism suspects and individuals of Somali origin. Somali refugees in Mombasa, Nairobi and North Eastern regions were affected.

HRW also alleges that the police conducted abusive operations in Tana River and Lamu counties in the aftermath of attacks. During the raids, security forces targeted Muslim and ethnic Somali men.

They also lobbied President Obama to pressure the Kenyan government to improve transparency on security matters.

But the US maintains that improving the accountability and effectiveness of both the military and police is critical to fighting terrorists.