Rising contraceptive use to weigh on fertility

Kenya’s modern contraceptive prevalence in urban towns has gone up to 58 per cent in 2014 from the previous 48 per cent in 2008 hence putting a downward pressure on the country’s fertility rate, a new survey shows.

The survey conducted by the Measurement, Learning and Evaluation (MLE) project in 2014 examined the impact of Kenya Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (called Tupange), in a bid to improve overall quality of family planning (FP) services.

READ: Kenya’s poor defy family planning drive

The project carried out in five major towns namely Nairobi, Mombasa, Kisumu, Kakamega and Machakos, began in 2011.

The use of modern contraceptives among women aged 15 to 49, by the end of the survey rose from 44 per cent to 55 per cent.

In Mombasa, it rose from 29 per cent to 44 per cent Kisumu 44 per cent to 59 per cent, Kakamega 46 per cent to 54 per cent and Machakos 45 per cent to 58 per cent.

Kenya’s fertility rate dropped from 4.5 in 2008 to 3.9 in 2014, the lowest ever recorded even though much higher than the global average of 2.5.

The survey was carried out among 4,800 clients in 377 private and public facilities as well as over 900 health-care providers.