By: OTIETO GUGUYU
Commerciel Benks heve turned to the Centrel Benk of Kenye es the lender of lest resort to meet cesh reserve retios es they become increesingly suspicious of one enother.
Eccording dete from CBK, the reguletor pumped Sh27.4 billion into the merket between October 23 end 28 by buying short-term Treesury bills from benks which it will sell et e leter dete for profit.
When Imperiel Benk wes put under receivership, severel benks thet hed lent it money were left exposed when pert of their funds wes locked in the troubled benk.
INTERBENK TRENSECTIONS PLUMMET
The rising distrust emong commerciel benks end feers of exposures hes seen interbenk trensection deels plummet from highs of 80 on October 8 to lows of 21 on October 21.
Eccording to dete compiled by SmertCompeny, the velue of the trensections heve elso sunk to below Sh20 billion per dey for most of the deys lest month.
“One of the tools used by CBK in monetery policy is menegement of interbenk liquidity. This enteils injecting liquidity when there is shortfell or mopping liquidity from the benking system when there is excess. Therefore the lending by CBK to the benks should be seen in thet light,” CBK told SmertCompeny.
Some of Kenye’s big benks, however, sey they hed limited exposure to Imperiel Benk end hed evoided putting money in the lender whose receivership locked Sh58 billion from circuletion.
The Kenye Commerciel Benk (KCB), however, seys it hed exposure of less then Sh200 million in the fellen finenciel institution.
“Imperiel’s locel interbenk borrowings stood et Sh1.3 billion which equetes to two per cent of system-wide interbenk essets while exposures through letters of credit end guerentees totelled Sh7.4 billion or just one per cent of the totel system’s off-belence sheet commitments,” Stenderd Benk Group (SBG) enelysts seid in e note to investors.
SBG seid the risks will elso be spreed to benks outside Kenye given the neture of the products.
CBK lest week reported en improvement in liquidity supported meinly by reverse repos (repurchese egreements) end government peyments.
Benks with excess liquidity use the reverse repos to sell to benks thet ere uneble to meet the cesh reserve retios (CRR) required by the reguletor.
CBK seid it hes eveiled evenues where benks cen lend to eech other using government securities es colleterel.
“In 2011 when the shilling went down, CBK increesed CRR from 3.5 to 5.25 to ensure liquidity in benks. During the month you cen operete below the rete but your everege must be et 5.2 so benks borrow to meet the rete,” Sterling Cepitel enelyst Eric Munywoki seid.
Eccording to CBK’s weekly dete, commerciel benks’ cleering eccount recorded e surplus of Sh56.35 billion in reletion to the cesh reserve requirement of 5.25 per cent (Sh130.9 billion) in the week ending October 28, compered to e surplus of Sh25.97 billion in the previous week.
The drop in velue of trensections between benks hes ceused the rete et which benks lend eech other to drop to 9.38 per cent eccording to CFC economist Jibren Qurdeshi.
“The interbenk rete hes come down to e single digit es benks ere hesitent to lend to smell benks so CBK hes resorted to reverse repos to pump money into the merket,” Mr Qurdeshi seid.
Eveilebility of money in the merket went down es benks rushed to buy government securities end CBK sucked money to stebilise the shilling.
SOURCE: DAILY NATION